Goshen News, Goshen, IN

Life

February 8, 2014

GLOBAL FAITHS: Islam's consideration of dhimmis an ancient practice

(Continued)

The dhimmi system may seem to us harsh and unfair, but the truth is many Jewish and Christian subjects welcomed its tax rate because it was lower than what they had to pay under Byzantine rule. Jews especially found themselves with much more freedom under Islam than did Jews in Europe under Christianity.

During the Middle Ages — and later — Jews in Christian Europe were pushed into ghettos, even subjected to pogroms, as shown in one scene of the musical “Fiddler on the Roof.”

Islamic rulers in occasional situations ignored dhimmi law for pragmatic reasons. In their conquest of India, for example, Mogul rulers faced a huge Hindu population and found it useful, if not necessary, to employ Hindus in their army and Hindu treasury officials in their administration.

In modern times, dhimmi practice has by and large disappeared. European colonial powers introduced Western principles and laws concerning citizenship in Islamic countries, and these have continued after such countries’ independence, where all citizens now live under the same tax and law codes and all citizens are eligible for or subject to military service, although things such as marriage and inheritance practices may still follow historic religious or ethnic traditions.

Christian minorities in Muslim countries may still be subjected to discrimination, even persecution, as when Muslims attack a liquor store or church. Dhimmitude has too often meant second-class citizenship. In Islamic societies prejudices can persist for a long time, rooted as they are in religion. Americans might understand, given our history of racial discrimination, also sometimes rooted in religion.

One prominent modern Muslim, Iran’s Ayatollah Khomeini, spoke of returning his society to the dhimmi system of classical Islam, requiring non-Muslims to pay the special tax, for which they would then receive the protection of the state but be excluded from its political process.

Marlin Jeschke is professor emeritus of philosophy and religion at Goshen College. In 1968-69 he received a Fellowship in Asian Religions, spending five months at the Center for the Study of World Religions at Harvard Divinity School and five months traveling in Muslim countries of the Middle East and Buddhist countries of Southeast Asia. His “The American Religious Landscape” broadcast can be heard every Sunday at noon on FM 91.1.

Text Only
Life
  • gn140802 susan martin RELIGION BRIEFS GOSHEN St. Mark’s welcomes new pastor The congregation of St. Mark’s United Methodist Church in Goshen recently welcomed its new pastor, Susan Martin. Susan, her pastor husband Andy and their daughter Sarah moved to Goshen in late June. On July 1, Su

    July 31, 2014 1 Photo

  • Briefly ELKHARTBack-to-School Kids Celebration set for Friday, SaturdayBack-to-school will be celebrated with a fun and fashion weekend at the Concord Mall. The celebration will kick off with a twist reading and craft time Friday from 2:30 to 4:30 p.m. at Mu

    July 31, 2014

  • GN140728 FAIR Presidents Baked Items multiberry crisp.jpg Multi-berry crisp claims fair president's award President Tim Yoder’s Baked Item this year was fruit crisp.Of the 20 entries, first place went to Sally Kyle of Goshen with her Multi-berry Crisp. FIRST PLACEMulti-berry CrispSally Kyle, Goshen1-1/2 cups flour3/4 cup brown sugar, packed1 stick cold b

    July 28, 2014 1 Photo

  • GN140728 FAIR Anything Goes with Cabbage.jpg May Beane wins Anything Goes with Cabbage May Beane of Elkhart won the Anything Goes with Locally Grown Cabbage contest, sponsored by Sweet Corn Charlie Produce, Wednesday at the Elkhart County 4-H Fair.Twelve exhibitors entere 12 cabbage recipes.FIRST PLACEChicken Cabbage SaladMay Beane, El

    July 28, 2014 1 Photo

  • GN140728 FAIR blueberries.jpg Bread pudding takes Bursting with Blueberries prize Former Goshen resident and current Gainesville, Texas, resident Diana Julien Sims’ recipe for Blueberry White Chocolate Bread Pudding with Amaretto Cream Sauce won the Bursting with Blueberries top prize at the Elkhart County 4-H Fair.The contest too

    July 28, 2014 1 Photo

  • Briefly GOSHENCripe reunion set for Aug. 16Anyone with an ancestor who was a Cripe is invited to attend the Cripe reunion Aug. 16 from 9 a.m. to 4 p.m. at West Goshen Church of the Brethren, 1200 Berkey Ave. in Goshen.At 10 a.m., speaker Jerry Cripe will giv

    July 28, 2014

  • stephanie price column sig WHOLE FAMILY: Adapting a pledge I can truly honor “I solemnly pledge myself … in the presence of this assembly to practice my profession faithfully. I will safeguard my clients and the public when health care and safety are at stake. I vow to adhere to the legal and ethical principles of the profess

    July 27, 2014 1 Photo

  • THE NATURALIZED MID-AMERICAN: Master wood craftsman shows the inner beauty of trees I am still surprised by the beauty I see in these lengths of wood, and suppose I always will be. They are testament to the carefully-wrought, intricate, and deep craft of creation. They are testament to Don’s generous craftsmanship, too — for which I am very grateful — which was an expression of the joyful Craft that created him. He and those beautiful boards were cut from the same living tree.

    July 27, 2014

  • Briefly ELKHART‘Dog Daze of Summer’ Aug. 2The Pillars of Elkhart will host the fourth annual Dog Daze of SummerAug. 2 from 5 to 11 p.m. at the Civic Plaza in downtown Elkhart. Dog Daze will feature two local bands, High Gravity and MR Z Band. Hot Dog vendors

    July 27, 2014

  • GN140726 Queen Kaahumanu GLOBAL FAITHS: Hawaiians' conversion to Christianity helped women A recent trip to Hawaii to visit family drew my attention again to Hawaiian religion. Original Hawaiians are Polynesians who came to Hawaii from Tahiti, Samoa, Easter Island and other Pacific islands between 500 and 1300 A.D. These Hawaiians were polytheists who worshiped and built shrines to various nature deities. But on the big island of Hawaii they came to revere especially Pele, the fierce and violent goddess of volcanoes.

    July 26, 2014 1 Photo

Parade
Magazine

Click HERE to read all your Parade favorites including Hollywood Wire, Celebrity interviews and photo galleries, Food recipes and cooking tips, Games and lots more.
AP Video
Netanyahu Vows to Destroy Hamas Tunnels Obama Slams Republicans Over Lawsuit House Leaders Trade Blame for Inaction Malaysian PM: Stop Fighting in Ukraine Cantor Warns of Instability, Terror in Farewell Ravens' Ray Rice: 'I Made a Huge Mistake' Florida Panther Rebound Upsets Ranchers Small Plane Crash in San Diego Parking Lot Busy Franco's Not Afraid of Overexposure Fighting Blocks Access to Ukraine Crash Site Dangerous Bacteria Kills One in Florida Workers Dig for Survivors After India Landslide Texas Scientists Study Ebola Virus Smartphone Powered Paper Plane Debuts at Airshow Southern Accent Reduction Class Cancelled in TN
Poll

Classes at Goshen Community Schools and St. John the Evangelist Catholic School will begin the 2014-15 school year on Thursday, Aug. 7. School corporations throughout the state have been trending toward earlier start dates the past few years. When do you think school should start?

I think early August is a good time to start
I think later in August would be a good time to start
I think school should start after Labor Day
     View Results