Goshen News, Goshen, IN

Opinion

February 5, 2014

MORTON MARCUS: Hoosier wage gap is widening

Sometimes it seems our political leaders know only four letter words like J-O-B-S. They often precede this with another four letter word: G-O-O-D. What is a good job? Presumably, one that pays well, offers important benefits and provides reliable security over time.

Today, the emphasis in Indiana and most of the United States is on the number of jobs. Although the unemployment rate continues to fall, the nation, as of December 2013, was still 649,000 private sector jobs short of the level six years earlier.

This sounds worse than it is. That deficit of jobs is just minus-0.56 percent; for Indiana, however, the deficit percent is twice as high (minus-1.12 percent), or 28,900 jobs short of December 2007. Only 13 states had more jobs this past December than they did at the start of the recession on 2007.

Yet, there is much more to the story. How much are jobs paying? Is Indiana gaining or losing ground when we turn to the wages and salaries paid to workers?

The average hourly wage in Dec.’07 for the U.S. was $21.37 and rose by $2.94 (13.8 percent) to $24.31 in Dec.’13. Indiana’s average hourly earnings rose by $2.18 or 10.7 percent (31st among the states in the nation) over the same period.

The wage gap between Indiana and the U.S. widened during the recession and the recovery period to-date. Where we were $1 per hour behind the nation in ‘07, that gap is now $1.76. Thus the buying power of our workers, relative to those in other states, is reduced.

But wait, there is more to be considered. The Consumer Price Index for the nation rose by 11 percent from Dec.’07 to Dec.’13. The average worker in the U.S. had a slight increase in real hourly earnings (approximately 2.8 percent) while the Hoosier worker experienced a small decline in real hourly earnings (0.3 percent).

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