Use the PRICE acronym to help you remember what to do immediately after an injury:
P — Protect the injured area with a splint, pad or crutch.
R — Restrict activity to prevent further injury.
I — Ice quickly and frequently, but do not apply ice directly to skin. The general rule is 15 minutes on ice, then 15 minutes off the ice with no heat for 24 hours.
C — Compress the injured area with an elastic bandage to reduce swelling.
E — Elevate the injured area above the heart to reduce swelling.
See a doctor if you suspect a serious injury or if you have any of these signs: deformities in the joint or bone, inability to bear weight, injury is giving way, excessive swelling, changes in skin color beyond mild bruising, no improvement with over-the-counter pain relievers and no improvement after PRICE therapy.